American Thyroid Association Scientific Statement on the Use of Potassium Iodide Ingestion in a Nuclear Emergency

Thyroid. 2017 Jul;27(7):865-877. doi: 10.1089/thy.2017.0054. Epub 2017 Jun 21.


This document serves to summarize the issues and the American Thyroid Association (ATA) position regarding the use of potassium iodide as a thyroid blocking agent in the event of a nuclear accident. The purpose is to provide a review and updated position statement regarding the advanced distribution, stockpiling, and availability of potassium iodide in the event of nuclear radiation emergencies in the United States.

Keywords: KI; nuclear emergency; nuclear power plant; potassium iodide; predistribution.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Disasters
  • Humans
  • Nuclear Power Plants
  • Potassium Iodide / therapeutic use*
  • Radioactive Hazard Release*
  • Thyroid Gland*
  • United States


  • Potassium Iodide