Introduction: Pediatric immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) may be associated with significant burden on children and their parents/caregivers. Thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor agonists (RAs) have been used to treat adult patients with chronic ITP (cITP) for nearly a decade and following pediatric studies Eltrombopag has been recently approved for pediatric cITP in the United States and Europe. TPO-RA s may help reduce the risk of bleeding and the need for conventional ITP therapies.
Review: In this review, the clinical data demonstrating the efficacy and safety of TPO-RAs in pediatric ITP are evaluated, key recommendations regarding safe administration of eltrombopag are provided, and potential future directions in management of pediatric ITP are discussed.
Keywords: Eltrombopag; pediatric; romiplostim; thrombocytopenia; thrombopoietin receptor agonists.