Serendipity and innovation: history and evolution of transthoracic echocardiography

J Thorac Dis. 2017 Apr;9(Suppl 4):S257-S263. doi: 10.21037/jtd.2017.03.90.


The history of echocardiography is sprinkled with many interesting episodes and anecdotes showing that devoting your life to the pursuit of one goal is praiseworthy, and that at the same time, a little luck goes a long way. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) has led to dramatic improvements in cardiovascular medicine, and is now the most widely used diagnostic cardiac test after electrocardiography (ECG). The present review pays tribute to the pioneering efforts of those who believed in this innovative technology despite mounted skepticism and briefly describes the evolution of TTE from its early days to the most recent developments.

Keywords: Echocardiography; cardiac imaging; evolution.

Publication types

  • Review