Motor Function Domains in Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood

Dev Med Child Neurol. 2017 Aug;59(8):822-828. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.13443. Epub 2017 May 25.


Aim: To characterize motor function profiles in alternating hemiplegia of childhood, and to investigate interrelationships between these domains and with age.

Method: We studied a cohort of 23 patients (9 males, 14 females; mean age 9y 4mo, range 4mo-43y) who underwent standardized tests to assess gross motor, upper extremity motor control, motor speech, and dysphagia functions.

Results: Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), Gross Motor Function Measure-88 (GMFM-88), Manual Ability Classification System (MACS), and Revised Melbourne Assessment (MA2) scales manifested predominantly mild impairments; motor speech, moderate to severe; Modified Dysphagia Outcome and Severity Scale (M-DOSS), mild-to moderate deficits. GMFCS correlated with GMFM-88 scores (Pearson's correlation, p=0.002), MACS (p=0.038), and MA2 fluency (p=0.005) and accuracy (p=0.038) scores. GMFCS did not correlate with motor speech (p=0.399), MA2 dexterity (p=0.247), range of motion (p=0.063), or M-DOSS (p=0.856). Motor speech was more severely impaired than the GMFCS (p<0.013). There was no correlation between any of the assessment tools and age (p=0.210-0.798).

Interpretation: Our data establish a detailed profile of motor function in alternating hemiplegia of childhood, argue against the presence of worse motor function in older patients, identify tools helpful in evaluating this population, and identify oropharyngeal function as the more severely affected domain, suggesting that brain areas controlling this function are more affected than others.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Deglutition Disorders / diagnosis
  • Deglutition Disorders / etiology
  • Deglutition Disorders / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Hemiplegia* / complications
  • Hemiplegia* / diagnosis
  • Hemiplegia* / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Movement Disorders* / diagnosis
  • Movement Disorders* / etiology
  • Movement Disorders* / physiopathology
  • Severity of Illness Index*
  • Speech Disorders* / diagnosis
  • Speech Disorders* / etiology
  • Speech Disorders* / physiopathology
  • Young Adult

Supplementary concepts

  • Alternating hemiplegia of childhood