The association between eccentric hip abduction strength and hip and knee angular movements in recreational male runners: An explorative study

Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2018 Feb;28(2):473-478. doi: 10.1111/sms.12923. Epub 2017 Jun 22.


Weak hip abductors may be related with increased hip adduction and knee abduction angular movement, which may be risk factors of lower extremity injuries. As the role of eccentric hip abduction strength (EHAS) on hip adduction angular movement and knee abduction angular movement (KABD) remains unclear, the purpose of this study was to explore the association between EHAS and hip and knee angular movement. In 100 healthy male recreational runners, EHAS was quantified using an isokinetic dynamometer, while hip and knee angular movements were collected using pressure-sensitive treadmill and Codamotion active marker system. Using multiple linear regression models (n=186 legs), no relationships between EHAS and hip and knee kinematics were found. A possible reason for the lack of relationship between EHAS and hip and knee kinematics may be owing to differences in the running kinematics. Some runners with weak EHAS may compensate the weakness by leaning toward the stance limb and thereby reduces the demand on the hip abductors with the consequence of increased knee abduction moment, which may lead to an increased knee abduction angular excursion. Possible, others mechanism as the quadriceps strength and activity in the hip and thigh muscles may also be able to explain the lack of relationship that may or may not exist. Despite the inconclusive results of this study, the findings may suggest that weak hip abductor muscles may be a relevant factor to focus on in future studies.

Keywords: hip strength; patellofemoral; prevention; rehabilitation; running.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Hip Joint / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Knee Joint / physiology*
  • Male
  • Movement
  • Muscle Strength*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
  • Running / physiology*