We successfully prepared QDs incorporated into a silica/alumina monolith (QDs-SAM) by a simple sol-gel reaction of an Al-Si single precursor with CsPbBr3 QDs blended in toluene solution, without adding water and catalyst. The resultant transparent monolith exhibits high photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQY) up to 90 %, and good photostability under strong illumination of blue light for 300 h. We show that the preliminary ligand exchange of didodecyl dimethyl ammonium bromide (DDAB) was very important to protect CsPbBr3 QDs from surface damages during the sol-gel reaction, which not only allowed us to maintain the original optical properties of CsPbBr3 QDs but also prevented the aggregation of QDs and made the monolith transparent. The CsPbBr3 QDs-SAM in powder form was easily mixed into the resins and applied as color-converting layer with curing on blue light-emitting diodes (LED). The material showed a high luminous efficacy of 80 lm W-1 and a narrow emission with a full width at half maximum (FWHM) of 25 nm.
Keywords: luminescence; monolithes; perovskites; photostability; quantum dots.
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