Effects of a Comprehensive Predialysis Education Program on the Home Dialysis Therapies: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Perit Dial Int. 2017 Sep-Oct;37(5):542-547. doi: 10.3747/pdi.2016.00270. Epub 2017 May 25.


Background: Improvement in the rates of home dialysis has been a desirable but difficult-to-achieve target for United States nephrology. Provision of comprehensive predialysis education (CPE) in institutes with established home dialysis programs has been shown to facilitate a higher home dialysis choice amongst chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Unfortunately, limited data have shown the efficacy of such programs in the United States or in institutes with small home dialysis (HoD) programs.

Methods: We report the retrospective findings examining the efficacy of a CPE program in the early period after its establishment, with reference to its impact on the choice and growth of a small HoD program.

Results: Over the initial 22 months since its inception, 108 patients were enrolled in the CPE clinic. Seventy percent of patients receiving CPE chose HoD, of which 55% chose peritoneal dialysis (PD) and 15% chose home hemodialysis (HHD). Rates of HoD choice were similar across the spectrum of socio-economic variables. Of just over half (54.6%) of those choosing to return for more than 1 session, 25.3%, changed their modality preference after the first education session, and nearly all reached a final modality selection by the end of the third visit. Initiation of the CPE program resulted in a 216% growth in HoD census over the same period and resulted in near doubling of HoD prevalence to 38% of all dialysis patients.

Conclusions: Comprehensive patient education improves the choice and prevalence of HoD therapies. We further find that 3 sessions of CPE may provide needed resources for the large majority of subjects for adequate decision-making.

Keywords: Predialysis education; home dialysis; peritoneal dialysis; shared decision-making.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Choice Behavior
  • Cohort Studies
  • Decision Making
  • Female
  • Hemodialysis, Home / education*
  • Hemodialysis, Home / methods
  • Hemodialysis, Home / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Education as Topic / methods*
  • Prevalence
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / therapy*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • United States