Background: Administering anesthesia for prenatal repair of myelomeningocele reveals several issues that are unique to this new form of treatment. This includes issues such as fetal well-being, surgical conditions and monitoring, among others. Exploring, analyzing, and understanding the different variables that are involved will help us reduce the high level of risk associated with this surgery.
Objective: This review provides a systematic approach to the issues that are faced by anesthesiologists during fetal surgery.
Keywords: Congenital malformation; Fetal anesthesia; Fetal surgery; Myelomeningocele surgery.