Flexural Limb Deformities of the Carpus and Fetlock in Foals

Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract. 2017 Aug;33(2):331-342. doi: 10.1016/j.cveq.2017.03.004. Epub 2017 May 25.


Early recognition and treatment of congenital and acquired flexural deformities of the carpi and fetlocks of foals can lead to conformation correction and an athletic future. Treatment is often based on rigid external coaptation assisted by systemic medical treatment. Foals that readily respond to treatment and correct conformation faults can have normal adult athletic expectations.

Keywords: Carpus; Fetlock; Flexural deformity; Foal.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Carpus, Animal / abnormalities*
  • Horse Diseases / congenital*
  • Horse Diseases / diagnosis
  • Horse Diseases / etiology*
  • Horse Diseases / therapy
  • Horses
  • Joint Deformities, Acquired / diagnosis
  • Joint Deformities, Acquired / therapy
  • Joint Deformities, Acquired / veterinary*
  • Limb Deformities, Congenital / diagnosis
  • Limb Deformities, Congenital / therapy
  • Limb Deformities, Congenital / veterinary*