A Series of Suppressive Signals within the Drosophila Circadian Neural Circuit Generates Sequential Daily Outputs

Neuron. 2017 Jun 21;94(6):1173-1189.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2017.05.007. Epub 2017 May 25.


We studied the Drosophila circadian neural circuit using whole-brain imaging in vivo. Five major groups of pacemaker neurons display synchronized molecular clocks, yet each exhibits a distinct phase of daily Ca2+ activation. Light and neuropeptide pigment dispersing factor (PDF) from morning cells (s-LNv) together delay the phase of the evening (LNd) group by ∼12 hr; PDF alone delays the phase of the DN3 group by ∼17 hr. Neuropeptide sNPF, released from s-LNv and LNd pacemakers, produces Ca2+ activation in the DN1 group late in the night. The circuit also features negative feedback by PDF to truncate the s-LNv Ca2+ wave and terminate PDF release. Both PDF and sNPF suppress basal Ca2+ levels in target pacemakers with long durations by cell-autonomous actions. Thus, light and neuropeptides act dynamically at distinct hubs of the circuit to produce multiple suppressive events that create the proper tempo and sequence of circadian pacemaker neuronal activities.

Keywords: Drosophila; calcium; circadian physiology; modulation; neuropeptide.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Circadian Rhythm / genetics*
  • Drosophila
  • Drosophila Proteins / genetics*
  • Drosophila Proteins / metabolism
  • Feedback, Physiological
  • Light*
  • Locomotion
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Neurons / metabolism*
  • Neurons / physiology
  • Neuropeptides / genetics*
  • Neuropeptides / metabolism
  • Optical Imaging


  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Neuropeptides
  • pdf protein, Drosophila
  • short neuropeptide F, Drosophila
  • Calcium