Background: The impact of cardiovascular complications on health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) in type 2 diabetes mellitus has not been clearly established. Using EQ5D utility data from SAVOR-TIMI 53, a large phase IV trial of saxagliptin versus placebo, we quantified the impact of cardiovascular and other major events on HRQoL.
Methods: EQ5D utilities were recorded annually and following myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke. Utilities among patients experiencing major cardiovascular events were analyzed using linear mixed-effects regression, adjusting for baseline characteristics (including EQ5D utility), and compared to those not experiencing major cardiovascular events. Mean utility decrements with standard errors (SE) were estimated as the difference in utility before and after the event.
Findings: The mean EQ5D utility of the sample was 0.776 at all time points, and did not differ by treatment. However, mean baseline and month 12 utilities among those with a major cardiovascular event were 0.751 and 0.714. Mean utilities were 0.691 within 3months of, 0.691 3-6months after, and 0.714 6-12months after, a major cardiovascular event. Cardiovascular event-specific utility decrements were 0.05 (0.007) for major cardiovascular events over the same time periods. Decrements of 0.051 (0.012; myocardial infarction), 0.111 (0.022; stroke), 0.065 (0.014; hospitalization for heart failure) 0.019 (0.024; hospitalization for hypoglycemia) were estimated; all coefficients were statistically significant.
Interpretation: Consistent with clinical outcomes reported elsewhere, saxagliptin did not improve HRQoL. Cardiovascular complications were associated with significantly decreased HRQoL, most substantial earlier after the event.
Keywords: Cardiovascular; Diabetes mellitus; Health-related quality of life.
Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.