Imaging of Parathyroid Glands in End Stage Renal Disease

Semin Dial. 2017 Jul;30(4):369-372. doi: 10.1111/sdi.12608. Epub 2017 May 30.


Secondary hyperparathyroidism from chronic renal failure often requires a parathyroidectomy for correction. A successful parathyroidectomy often relies upon localization of all parathyroid tumors. Although most of the tumors are localized during a neck exploration, preoperative localization studies can help identify ectopic and supernumerary tumors. Three of the most common localization studies are radionuclide imaging, ultrasound, and CT scanning. Utility of these studies is strongly dependent on local institutional practice.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary / diagnostic imaging*
  • Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary / etiology*
  • Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary / surgery
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / diagnostic imaging
  • Parathyroid Glands / diagnostic imaging*
  • Parathyroidectomy
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Ultrasonography