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. Jul-Aug 2017;21(4):259-267.
doi: 10.1016/j.bjpt.2017.05.003. Epub 2017 May 19.

Intra- And Inter-Rater Reliability of Neutral Head Position and Target Head Position Tests in Patients With and Without Neck Pain

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Free PMC article

Intra- And Inter-Rater Reliability of Neutral Head Position and Target Head Position Tests in Patients With and Without Neck Pain

Khalid Alahmari et al. Braz J Phys Ther. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Background: Cervical proprioception is a common term used in neck rehabilitation, and it is examined using neutral head position (NHP) and target head position (THP) tests.

Objective: To investigate intra- and inter-rater reliability of the NHP and THP tests in patients with neck pain and in healthy controls.

Methods: The intra-rater (between-day) and inter-rater (within-day) reliability of the NHP and THP tests were assessed in 36 patients with neck pain and 33 healthy subjects. NHP testing was evaluated in cervical extension, while THP testing was evaluated in six directions of cervical motion: cervical flexion, extension, side bending right, side bending left, rotation right, and rotation left.

Results: The intra-rater reliability for the NHP tests had intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) values of 0.74-0.78 and a standard error of measurement (SEM) of 1.78-1.88; the THP tests had ICC values of 0.70-0.83 and SEM of 1.45-2.45. Likewise, inter-rater reliability for NHP had ICC values of 0.74-0.79 and SEM of 1.79-1.87. For the THP test, the inter-rater reliability had ICC values of 0.62-0.84 and SEM of 1.50-2.23.

Conclusion: Intra- and inter-rater reliability ranged from good to very good agreement both for NHP and for THP tests of cervical proprioception.

Keywords: Assessment tools; Cervical spine; Joint position sense; Physical therapy.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Neutral head position and target head position-testing procedure.

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