Oxidative stress-induced follicular granulosa cell (GC) apoptosis plays an essential role in abnormal follicular atresia, which may trigger ovarian dysfunction. To investigate the role of microRNA (miR)-145 in the regulation of GC apoptosis and modulation of the apoptotic pathway in the setting of oxidative stress, we employed an H2O2-induced in vitro model and a 3-nitropropionic acid (NP)-induced in vivo model of ovarian oxidative stress. We demonstrated in vitro that miR-145 expression was significantly down-regulated in KGN cells and mouse granulosa cells (mGCs) treated with H2O2, whereas miR-145 over-expression attenuated H2O2-induced apoptosis in GCs. Moreover, miR-145 protected GCs against H2O2-induced apoptosis by targeting KLF4, which promoted H2O2-induced GC apoptosis via the BAX/BCL-2 pathway. Importantly, decreased miR-145 expression in the in vivo ovarian oxidative stress model promoted apoptosis by up-regulating KLF4 expression, whereas GC-specific miR-145 over-expression attenuated apoptosis by targeting KLF4. In conclusion, miR-145 protects GCs against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis by targeting KLF4.
Keywords: Apoptosis; Granulosa cell; KLF4; Oxidative stress; miR-145.
Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.