The Plasma Membrane Calcium ATPases and Their Role as Major New Players in Human Disease

Physiol Rev. 2017 Jul 1;97(3):1089-1125. doi: 10.1152/physrev.00028.2016.


The Ca2+ extrusion function of the four mammalian isoforms of the plasma membrane calcium ATPases (PMCAs) is well established. There is also ever-increasing detail known of their roles in global and local Ca2+ homeostasis and intracellular Ca2+ signaling in a wide variety of cell types and tissues. It is becoming clear that the spatiotemporal patterns of expression of the PMCAs and the fact that their abundances and relative expression levels vary from cell type to cell type both reflect and impact on their specific functions in these cells. Over recent years it has become increasingly apparent that these genes have potentially significant roles in human health and disease, with PMCAs1-4 being associated with cardiovascular diseases, deafness, autism, ataxia, adenoma, and malarial resistance. This review will bring together evidence of the variety of tissue-specific functions of PMCAs and will highlight the roles these genes play in regulating normal physiological functions and the considerable impact the genes have on human disease.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Calcium Signaling*
  • Cell Membrane / enzymology*
  • Disease / etiology*
  • Disease / genetics
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Genetic Variation
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans
  • Organ Specificity
  • Phenotype
  • Plasma Membrane Calcium-Transporting ATPases / chemistry
  • Plasma Membrane Calcium-Transporting ATPases / genetics
  • Plasma Membrane Calcium-Transporting ATPases / metabolism*
  • Protein Conformation
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Plasma Membrane Calcium-Transporting ATPases
  • Calcium