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, 11 (4), ZC136-ZC141

Assessment of Enamel Remineralisation After Treatment With Four Different Remineralising Agents: A Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) Study

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Assessment of Enamel Remineralisation After Treatment With Four Different Remineralising Agents: A Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) Study

Renita Soares et al. J Clin Diagn Res.

Abstract

Introduction: Decades of research has helped to increase our knowledge of dental caries and reduce its prevalence. However, according to World Oral Health report, dental caries still remains a major dental disease. Fluoride therapy has been utilised in a big way to halt caries progression, but has been met with limitations. This has paved the way for the development of newer preventive agents that can function as an adjunct to fluoride or independent of it.

Aim: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the ability of Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate Fluoride (CPP ACPF), Bioactive Glass (BAG), fluoride enhanced Hydroxyapatite (HA) gel and self-assembling peptide P11-4 to remineralise artificial carious lesions in enamel in vitro using a 30 day pH cycling model through surface microhardness analysis and SEM.

Materials and methods: Sixty enamel samples were divided into five groups of 12 samples each. The control Group A consisted of intact enamel samples, Group B: CPP-ACPF (Tooth Mousse Plus), Group C: BAG (SHY- NM), Group D: fluoride enhanced HA gel (ReminPro) and Group E: Self-assembling peptide P11-4 (Curodont Protect). All groups excluding the control group were subjected to demineralisation following which four of these groups were remineralised using the four remineralising agents. The treated groups were subjected to pH cycling over a period of 30 days. This was followed by assessment of surface microhardness and SEM for qualitative evaluation of surface changes. The results were analysed by One-Way Analysis Of Variance (ANOVA). Multiple comparisons between groups were performed by paired t-test and post-hoc Tukey test.

Results: The results of the study revealed that remineralisation of enamel was the highest in samples of Group E (Self assembling peptide P11-4) followed by Group B (CPP-ACPF), Group C (BAG) and Group D (fluoride enhanced HA gel). There was a significant difference (p<0.05) in the remineralising ability between the self assembling peptide P11-4 group and BAG and fluoride enhanced HA gel group. Although no significant difference was observed between the self assembling peptide P11-4 and CPP-ACPF group, the self assembling peptide P11-4 remineralised the enamel lesions more effectively. SEM photomicrographs of the test groups demonstrated either amorphous crystals or particles scattered on the surface or lines of remineralisation along the prismatic borders.

Conclusion: Self assembling peptide P11-4 demonstrated promising results by effectively and significantly remineralising the enamel lesions as compared to other test agents.

Keywords: Dental caries; Fluoride; Microhardness; Remineralisation.

Figures

[Table/Fig-4]:
[Table/Fig-4]:
Comparison of percentage of surface microhardness recovery (%SMHR) between the test groups.
[Table/Fig-5]:
[Table/Fig-5]:
Sound enamel.
[Table/Fig-6]:
[Table/Fig-6]:
Demineralised enamel.
[Table/Fig-7]:
[Table/Fig-7]:
CPP-ACPF group. (Images left to right)
[Table/Fig-8]:
[Table/Fig-8]:
Bioactive glass group.
[Table/Fig-9]:
[Table/Fig-9]:
Fluoride enhanced hydroxyapatite gel group.
[Table/Fig-10]:
[Table/Fig-10]:
Self assembling peptide P11-4 group.

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