A retrospective study was undertaken to assess the outcome of a cohort of 183 unselected children who presented with the nephrotic syndrome between 1963 and 1969. All subjects showed minimal glomerular changes in biopsy samples and were given conventional steroid therapy. Information was available on 152 children, now aged 14-32 years. Activity persisted longer in patients presenting at an early age. The outcome for most of the children was favourable. Only 10 patients (5.5%), all of whom presented with initial symptoms before their 6th birthday, continued to have steroid-responsive relapses in adult life. There were 11 deaths, of which 7 (4% of the series) were from avoidable complications of the disorder.