Objectives: Patients with hereditary/congenital platelet disorders (HPDs) have a broad range of clinical manifestations and laboratory phenotypes. We assessed the performance characteristics of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis bleeding assessment tool (ISTH-BAT) and clinically validated platelet laboratory tests for diagnosis of HPDs.
Methods: The records of 61 patients with suspected HPDs were reviewed and ISTH-BAT scores calculated.
Results: Nineteen (31%) patients had thrombocytopenia, and 46 (75%) had positive ISTH-BAT scores. Thirteen and 17 patients had prolonged PFA-100 (Dade Behring, Miami, FL) adenosine diphosphate and epinephrine closure times, respectively. Twenty-two had abnormal platelet light transmission aggregation. Twenty-four had platelet transmission electron microscopy (PTEM) abnormalities (10 dense granule deficiency, 14 other ultrastructural abnormalities). Positive ISTH-BAT scores were associated with thrombocytopenia (P < .0001) and abnormal PTEM (P = .002). Twenty-three patients had normal results.
Conclusions: ISTH-BAT identified patients with suspected HPDs but lacked a robust association with laboratory abnormalities. Despite comprehensive laboratory testing, some patients may have normal results.
Keywords: CP coagulation; CP flow cytometry; Electron microscopy; Platelet aggregation; Platelet disorders.
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