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Review
. 2017 Jul;26(3):523-538.
doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2017.02.007.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Preschool-Age Children

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Review

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Preschool-Age Children

Mini Tandon et al. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. .

Abstract

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder marked by age-inappropriate deficits in attention or hyperactivity/impulsivity that interfere with functioning or development. It is highly correlated with other disorders, such as oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, and mood symptoms. The etiology is multifactorial, and neuroimaging findings are nonspecific. Although assessment tools exist, there is variability among them, and historically, parent-teacher agreement has not been consistent. Treatment algorithm for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in preschoolers includes behavioral interventions first followed by psychopharmacologic treatment when behavioral therapies fail. Other nonpharmacologic and nonbehavioral interventions are discussed including the role of exercise and nutrition.

Keywords: Assessment; Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; Preschool children; Treatment.

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