Intellectual Disability and Language Disorder

Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2017 Jul;26(3):539-554. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2017.03.001.


Intellectual disability (ID) and language disorders are neurodevelopmental conditions arising in early childhood. Child psychiatrists are likely to encounter children with ID and language disorders because both are strongly associated with challenging behaviors and mental disorder. Because early intervention is associated with optimal outcomes, child psychiatrists must be aware of their signs and symptoms, particularly as related to delays in cognitive and adaptive function. Optimal management of both ID and language disorders requires a multidisciplinary, team-based, and family centered approach. Child psychiatrists play an important role on this team, given their expertise with contextualizing and treating challenging behaviors.

Keywords: Early intervention; Global developmental delay; Intellectual disability; Language disorder; Multidisciplinary care.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Intellectual Disability / diagnosis*
  • Intellectual Disability / epidemiology
  • Intellectual Disability / therapy
  • Language Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Language Disorders / epidemiology
  • Language Disorders / therapy