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Review
, 101 (4), 701-712

Screening for Hypertension and Lowering Blood Pressure for Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease Events

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Review

Screening for Hypertension and Lowering Blood Pressure for Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease Events

Anthony J Viera. Med Clin North Am.

Abstract

Hypertension affects 1 in 3 American adults. Blood pressure (BP)-lowering therapy reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease. The United States Preventive Services Task Force recommends all adults be screened for hypertension. Most patients whose office BP is elevated should have out-of-office monitoring to confirm the diagnosis. Ambulatory BP monitoring is preferred for out-of-office measurement, but home BP monitoring is a reasonable alternative. Guidelines for treatment are stratified by age (<60 vs >60 years) and include cutoffs for recommended treatment BPs and target BP goals. Quality of hypertension care is improved by incorporating population health management using registries and medication titration.

Keywords: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring; Cardiovascular disease prevention; High blood pressure; Hypertension; Screening.

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