Satisfying America's Fruit Gap: Summary of an Expert Roundtable on the Role of 100% Fruit Juice

J Food Sci. 2017 Jul;82(7):1523-1534. doi: 10.1111/1750-3841.13754. Epub 2017 Jun 6.


The 2015 to 2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs) recognize the role of 100% fruit juice in health and in helping people meet daily fruit recommendations and state that 100% fruit juice is a nutrient-dense beverage that should be a primary choice, along with water and low-fat/fat-free milk. The DGAs note that children are consuming 100% fruit juice within recommendations (that is, 120 to 180 mL/d for children aged 1 to 6 y and 236 to 355 mL/d for children aged 7 to 18 y). Evidence shows that compared to nonconsumers, those who consume 100% fruit juice come closer to meeting daily fruit needs and have better diet quality. In children, 100% fruit juice is associated with increased intakes of nutrients such as vitamin C, folate, and potassium. When consumed within the DGA recommendations, 100% fruit juice is not associated with overweight/obesity or childhood dental caries and does not compromise fiber intake. Preliminary data suggest that polyphenols in some 100% fruit juices may inhibit absorption of naturally occurring sugars. Given its role in promoting health and in helping people meet fruit needs, experts participating in a roundtable discussion agreed that there is no science-based reason to restrict access to 100% fruit juice in public health nutrition policy and programs such as the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Reducing or eliminating 100% fruit juice could lead to unintended consequences such as reduced daily fruit intake and increased consumption of less nutritious beverages (for example, sugar-sweetened beverages).

Keywords: 100% fruit juice; diet quality; dietary guidelines; nutrient intake; nutrition policy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Animals
  • Beverages
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dental Caries
  • Diet
  • Energy Intake
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Female
  • Fruit
  • Fruit and Vegetable Juices*
  • Health Promotion
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Milk
  • Nutrition Policy
  • Nutritional Status
  • Obesity
  • Sweetening Agents
  • United States


  • Sweetening Agents