IN BRIEF Diabetes self-management education and support (DSMES) provides the foundation to help people with diabetes (PWD) navigate the numerous self-management decisions and complex care activities they face daily and has been shown to improve outcomes. Without DSMES, PWD often lack the skills and knowledge necessary to handle the demands of managing this chronic disease. Understanding self-management behaviors and responses to DSMES is essential for improving DSMES processes and diabetes outcomes. This article provides the most recent findings from questions regarding self-management behaviors and DSMES practices obtained through the National Diabetes Education Program National Diabetes Survey. Insights and gaps in self-management behaviors and DSMES delivery are examined to identify challenges and offer opportunities for improvement.