An Investigation of Self-reported Health-related Productivity Loss in Office Workers and Associations With Individual and Work-related Factors Using an Employer's Perspective

J Occup Environ Med. 2017 Jul;59(7):e138-e144. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001043.


Objective: Office workers have a high prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions. This can be a significant economic burden due to health-related productivity loss. Individual and work-related factors related to office worker health-related productivity were investigated.

Methods: A survey including the Health and Work Performance Questionnaire, which estimated productivity loss, also recorded individual and work-related factors with potential associations with health-related productivity. Muscle function and workstation ergonomics were examined through physical assessments. Linear models investigated the relationships between these factors and health-related productivity.

Results: Significant factors identified were occupational category (0.001 < P < 0.050), job satisfaction (P < 0.001), psychological wellbeing (P = 0.031), and musculoskeletal pain (P = 0.023). Health-related productivity loss was greater in office workers working as managers, with lower job satisfaction and psychological wellbeing, and those with musculoskeletal pain.

Conclusion: Office worker health-related productivity loss is represented by a combination of both individual and work-related factors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Absenteeism
  • Administrative Personnel / psychology*
  • Administrative Personnel / statistics & numerical data*
  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Efficiency*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Male
  • Mental Health*
  • Middle Aged
  • Musculoskeletal Pain* / economics
  • Presenteeism / economics
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Self Report