[ANCA-associated vasculitides at Mexico City's metropolitan Eastern area]

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. Jul-Aug 2017;55(4):430-440.
[Article in Spanish]

Abstract

Background: The anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated (ANCA) vasculitides includes granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's) (GPW), Chrug-Strauss syndrome (CSS) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA). Since it has low incidence in our field, there are a few published papers. The aim of this study was to report the clinical characteristics, activity and damage of these vasculitides in Mexico City's metropolitan eastern area.

Methods: We studied 28 cases with ANCA-associated vasculitis in the aforementioned area. The classification was made according to the ACR 1990 criteria, the Chapel Hill 2012 consensus, and the EULAR 2007 recommendations. We collected demographic data, as well as data of clinical manifestations, laboratory, management and outcomes. The activity was established using the Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS) and the damage using the Vasculitis Damage Index (VDI). We used paired t test and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI).

Results: 15 females and 13 males were included, 20 with GPW and 8 with CCS. The mean age was 50.1 ± 12.7 years, and the evolution time was 69 ± 49.6 months. We didn't find cases of MAP. 23 patients (82.1%) had general symptoms. The initial and final BVAS means were 10.5 and 1.5 (p < 0.001) and the global VDI was 2.4.

Conclusions: The presence of ANCA-associated vasculitides is rare in the eastern Metropolitan area of Mexico City. GPW was predominant over CCS, and MPA was absent. They are multi-system vasculitides with high scores of initial activity and moderate damage.

Introducción: las vasculitis asociadas a anticuerpos anticitoplasma de neutrófilo (ANCA) incluyen la granulomatosis con poliangeítis (GPW), el síndrome de Churg-Strauss (SChS) y la poliangeítis microscópica (PAM). Como son de baja incidencia, los informes son escasos. El objetivo fue reportar las características clínicas, la actividad y el daño de casos con estas vasculitis en la zona oriente de la Ciudad de México. Métodos: Se incluyeron 28 casos. La clasificación de las vasculitis se hizo según los criterios ACR 1990, Chapel Hill 2012 y EULAR 2007. Se recabaron datos demográficos, manifestaciones clínicas, de laboratorio, tratamientos y evolución clínica. Se determinó el puntaje de actividad de Birmingham (BVAS) y el daño de la vasculitis (VDI). Se utilizó la prueba t pareada e intervalos de confianza al 95% (IC 95%). Resultados: 15 mujeres y 13 hombres fueron incluidos, 20 con GPW y 8 con SChS, con edad de 50.1 ± 12.7 años y evolución de 69 ± 49.6 meses. No hubo casos con PAM. Presentaron ataque al estado general 23 (82.1%). Los promedios BVAS inicial y final fueron: 10.5 y 1.5 (p < 0.001) y el VDI global fue de 2.4. Conclusiones: las vasculitis asociadas a ANCA son raras en esta zona de la Ciudad de México. Predominaron los casos de GPW sobre SChS y fueron nulos para PAM. Tienen presentación multisistémica, altos puntajes de actividad inicial y daño moderado.

Keywords: ANCA-associated vasculitis; Churg-Strauss syndrome; Granulomatosis with polyangiitis; Microscopic polyangiitis.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis / complications
  • Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis / diagnosis*
  • Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis / epidemiology*
  • Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis / therapy
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mexico / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urban Health / statistics & numerical data*