[Dienogest usefulness in pelvic pain due to endometriosis. A meta-analysis of its effectiveness]

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. Jul-Aug 2017;55(4):452-455.
[Article in Spanish]

Abstract

Background: Endometriosis is the presence of functional endometrial tissue in the pelvic peritoneum and it affects several age groups. That is why the impact of endometriosis in quality of life is considerable. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of dienogest in patients with pelvic pain associated to endometriosis (PPAE).

Methods: The evaluation of the effectiveness was carried out through a systematic review using the Cochrane methodology. It was used Markov model, which considers two states of health (with and without PPAE), with the possibility of weekly transition. Women between 18 and 45 years with PPAE were included, in a temporary horizon of 26 weeks. A level of statistical significance of 95% was used for a p < 0.05, with a multivariate probabilistic analysis of sensibility, as well as a univariate analysis of sensibility in several scenarios.

Results: The probability that the female patient did not experience PPAE with the initial treatment was 87.91% with dienogest, 80.07% with danazol, 84.93% with medroxyprogesterone (injectable and oral) and 89.17% with gosereline. The probability that the female patient abandoned her initial treatment was 9% with dienogest, 12.07% with danazol, 9.6 and 6.75% with medroxyprogesterone injectable and oral, respectively, and 10.8 and 3.6% 3-monthly and monthly with gosereline.

Conclusion: Compared to danazol, medroxiprogesterone and gosereline, dienogest is the most efficient alternative to treat PPAE.

Introducción: La endometriosis es la presencia de tejido endometrial funcional en el peritoneo pélvico y afecta a varios grupos de edad, por lo que su impacto en la calidad de vida es considerable. El objetivo fue evaluar la efectividad del dienogest en pacientes con dolor pélvico asociado a endometriosis (DPAE), al compararlo con danazol, medroxiprogesterona y goserelina. Métodos: se hizo una revisión sistemática de la literatura con la metodología Cochrane. Se usó el modelo de Markov, que considera dos estados de salud: con y sin DPAE, con posibilidad de transición semanal. Se consideraron mujeres entre 18 y 45 años con DPAE, en un horizonte de 26 semanas; se utilizó un nivel de significación estadística de 95% (p < 0.05), con un análisis probabilístico multivariante de sensibilidad y uno univariante de sensibilidad en varios escenarios. Resultados: la probabilidad de que la mujer se encontrara sin DPAE con el tratamiento inicial fue de 87.91% para dienogest, 80.07% para danazol, 84.93% para medroxiprogesterona inyectable y oral y 89.17% para goserelina; la probabilidad de que la mujer abandonara su tratamiento inicial fue de 9% para dienogest, 12.07% para danazol, 9.6 y 6.75% para medroxiprogesterona inyectable y oral, respectivamente, y 10.8 y 3.6% para goserelina trimestral y mensual, respectivamente. Conclusiones: Comparado con el danazol, la medroxiprogesterona y la goserelina, el dienogest es la alternativa más eficiente para el DPAE.

Keywords: Endometriosis; Pelvic pain.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Meta-Analysis
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Endometriosis / complications*
  • Female
  • Hormone Antagonists / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Markov Chains
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Nandrolone / analogs & derivatives*
  • Nandrolone / therapeutic use
  • Pelvic Pain / drug therapy*
  • Pelvic Pain / etiology
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Hormone Antagonists
  • dienogest
  • Nandrolone