Use of Turn-in Skin Flaps for Nasal Lining Reconstruction

Dermatol Surg. 2017 Oct;43(10):1208-1212. doi: 10.1097/DSS.0000000000001221.


Background: Reconstruction of the nasal lining is the most difficult part of complex nasal reconstruction because the mucosa has a unique texture and fineness. Many techniques, ranging from skin grafts to local flaps, have been applied for the reconstruction of the mucosa. In some cases, even free flaps have been used.

Objective: The aim of this study was to discuss the feasibility of using turn-in flaps in nasal reconstruction.

Materials and methods: Seventeen patients with full-thickness nasal defects underwent reconstruction with turn-in flaps. In all the patients, the bone structure was formed using cartilage grafts, and the skin defects were reconstructed using paramedian forehead flaps. A rhinoplasty procedure was added in 10 of the patients.

Results: Necrosis was not observed in any of the flaps, and the results were satisfactory for all the patients.

Conclusion: This technique provided enough support for the onlay cartilage grafts, and the flap was thin enough to avoid any nasal airway obstruction. In selected patients, this technique can also be used in conjunction with a rhinoplasty procedure.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Rhinoplasty / methods*
  • Skin Transplantation
  • Surgical Flaps*