Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
, 332, 204-217

At Least Eighty Percent of Brain Grey Matter Is Modifiable by Physical Activity: A Review Study

Affiliations
Review

At Least Eighty Percent of Brain Grey Matter Is Modifiable by Physical Activity: A Review Study

Seyed Amir Hossein Batouli et al. Behav Brain Res.

Abstract

The human brain is plastic, i.e. it can show structural changes in response to the altered environment. Physical activity (PA) is a lifestyle factor which has significant associations with the structural and functional aspects of the human brain, as well as with the mind and body health. Many studies have reported regional/global brain volume increments due to exercising; however, a map which shows the overall extent of the influences of PAs on brain structure is not available. In this study, we collected all the reports on brain structural alterations in association with PA in healthy humans, and next, a brain map of the extent of these effects is provided. The results of this study showed that a large network of brain areas, equal to 82% of the total grey matter volume, were associated with PA. This finding has important implications in utilizing PA as a mediator factor for educational purposes in children, rehabilitation applications in patients, improving the cognitive abilities of the human brain such as in learning or memory, and preventing age-related brain deteriorations.

Keywords: Brain structure; Physical activity; Plasticity.

Comment in

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 10 articles

See all "Cited by" articles
Feedback