Purpose: Hemophilia A represents up to 80% of all hemophilia cases in China. In patients with this condition, bleeding can be prevented and controlled by administering clotting factor VIII (FVIII). Since their initial availability, recombinant FVIII products have undergone several iterations to enhance their safety. Moroctocog alfa albumin-free cell culture (AF-CC) is among the third generation of recombinant FVIII products and received regulatory approval in China in August 2012. The present study characterizes the single-dose pharmacokinetic parameters of FVIII activity (FVIII:C) after administration of moroctocog alfa (AF-CC) in male Chinese patients with hemophilia A.
Methods: This multicenter, open-label, single-dose study enrolled 13 male Chinese patients diagnosed with severe hemophilia A (FVIII:C <1%) and a history of at least 150 exposure-days to any FVIII-containing product. Eligible patients received a single dose of moroctocog alfa (AF-CC) 50 IU/kg IV within 10 minutes. Blood samples were collected within 2 hours before administration and through 72 hours after dosing.
Findings: Pharmacokinetic parameters were assessed based on FVIII:C and were analyzed by age groups: ages 6 to <12 years (n = 3) and ≥12 years (n = 10). The mean plasma concentration-time profile for FVIII:C activity was consistently lower in patients aged 6 to <12 years compared with those aged ≥12 years. Geometric AUC0-∞ and Cmax were approximately 57% and 28% lower in the younger patients relative to the older patients, respectively. A total of 4 adverse events occurred in 4 patients. Low-titer, transient FVIII inhibitors were observed in 2 patients and were considered serious adverse events. Neither case resulted in clinical manifestations nor required treatment.
Implications: This is the first report of the pharmacokinetic parameters of FVIII:C after moroctocog alfa (AF-CC) in an all-Chinese population of males with hemophilia A. The pharmacokinetic profile in older patients was similar to that previously reported with recombinant FVIII products in studies with a predominantly white population; younger patients had reduced exposure to FVIII:C. The single doses of moroctocog alfa (AF-CC) were well tolerated; 2 cases of transient, low-titer FVIII inhibitor development were observed. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02461992.
Keywords: China; age groups; factor VIII; pediatrics; pharmacokinetics; recombinant.
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