Upper extremity non-contrast magnetic resonance venography (MRV) compared to contrast enhanced MRV and ultrasound

Clin Imaging. 2017 Sep-Oct;45:51-57. doi: 10.1016/j.clinimag.2017.05.020. Epub 2017 Jun 6.


Purpose: To assess feasibility, image quality and measured venous caliber of non-contrast MRV (NC-MRV) of central and upper extremity veins, compared to contrast-enhanced MRV (CE-MRV) and ultrasound (US) in healthy volunteers.

Materials and methods: 10 subjects underwent NC-MRV and CE-MRV at 1.5 T, with comparison to US. Two radiologists evaluated MRI for image quality (IQ) and venous caliber.

Results and conclusions: NC-MRV is feasible, with inferior IQ but comparable venous caliber measurements CE-MRV (mean 7.9±4.58 mm vs. 7.83±4.62, p=0.13). Slightly larger upper limb caliber measurements were derived for NC-MRV and CE-MRV compared to US (NC-MRV 5.2±1.8 mm, CE-MRV 4.9±1.6 mm, US 4.5±1.8 mm, both p<0.001).

Keywords: Magnetic resonance venography; Non-contrast; Renal failure; Ultrasound; Venous mapping.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Contrast Media*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Phlebography / methods*
  • Reference Values
  • Ultrasonography / methods*
  • Upper Extremity / blood supply*
  • Veins / diagnostic imaging*


  • Contrast Media