Background: The impact on patient survival of an infectious disease (ID) team dedicated to the early management of severe sepsis/septic shock (SS/SS) in Emergency Department (ED) has yet to be assessed.
Methods: A quasiexperimental pre-post study was performed at the general ED of our hospital. During the pre phase (June 2013-July 2014), all consecutive adult patients with SS/SS were managed according to the standard of care, data were prospectively collected. During the post phase (August 2014-October 2015), patients were managed in collaboration with a dedicated ID team performing a bedside patient evaluation within 1 hour of ED arrival.
Results: Overall, 382 patients were included, 195 in the pre phase and 187 in the post phase. Median age was 82 years (interquartile range, 70-88). The most common infection sources were lung (43%) and urinary tract (17%); in 22% of cases, infection source remained unknown. During the post phase, overall compliance with the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) bundle and appropriateness of initial antibiotic therapy improved from 4.6% to 32% (P < .001) and from 30% to 79% (P < .001), respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that predictors of all-cause 14-day mortality were quick sepsis-related organ failure assessment ≥2 (hazard ratio [HR], 1.68; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.15-2.45; P = .007), serum lactate ≥2 mmol/L (HR, 2.13; 95% CI, 1.39-3.25; P < .001), and unknown infection source (HR, 2.07; 95% CI, 1.42-3.02; P < .001); being attended during the post phase was a protective factor (HR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.43-0.94; P = .026).
Conclusion: Implementation of an ID team for the early management of SS/SS in the ED improved the adherence to SSC recommendations and patient survival.
Keywords: emergency department; infectious disease consultant; mortality; sepsis; septic shock.
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