The writer's guide to education scholarship in emergency medicine: Systematic reviews and the scholarship of integration (part 4)

CJEM. 2018 Jul;20(4):626-633. doi: 10.1017/cem.2017.29. Epub 2017 Jun 13.


Objective: Reviews help scholars consolidate evidence and guide their educational practice. However, few papers describe how to effectively publish review papers. We completed a scoping review to develop a set of quality indicators that will assist junior authors to publish reviews and integrative scholarship.

Methods: MEDLINE, Embase, ERIC, and Google Scholar were searched for English language articles published between 2012 and January 2016 using the terms review, medical education, how to publish, and emergency medicine. Titles and abstracts were reviewed by two authors and included if they focused on how to publish a review or outlined reporting guidelines of reviews. The articles were reviewed in parallel for calibration, and disagreements were resolved through a consensus.

Results: A full text review of the 25 articles was conducted, and 196 recommendations were extracted from 13 articles. A hand search of the included articles' reference lists and expert recommendation found an additional eight articles. These recommendations were thematically analysed into a list of seven themes and 32 items. Additionally, seven evaluation tools and reporting guidelines were found to guide researchers in optimizing their reviews for publication.

Conclusion: In emergency medicine education, review articles can help synthesize educational research so that educators can engage in evidence-based scholarly teaching. We hope that this work will act as an introduction to those interested in engaging in integrative scholarship by providing them with a guide to key quality markers and important checklists for improving their research.

Keywords: education scholarship; reviews; scholarship of integration; systematic reviews.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Authorship / standards*
  • Canada
  • Checklist
  • Emergency Medicine / education*
  • Evidence-Based Practice / standards
  • Fellowships and Scholarships / standards*
  • Female
  • Guidelines as Topic / standards*
  • Humans
  • Male