Application of eye tracking in medicine: A survey, research issues and challenges

Comput Med Imaging Graph. 2018 Apr:65:176-190. doi: 10.1016/j.compmedimag.2017.04.006. Epub 2017 May 30.


The performance and quality of medical procedures and treatments are inextricably linked to technological development. The application of more advanced techniques provides the opportunity to gain wider knowledge and deeper understanding of the human body and mind functioning. The eye tracking methods used to register eye movement to find the direction and targets of a person's gaze are well in line with the nature of the topic. By providing methods for capturing and processing images of the eye it has become possible not only to reveal abnormalities in eye functioning but also to conduct cognitive studies focused on learning about peoples' emotions and intentions. The usefulness of the application of eye tracking technology in medicine was proved in many research studies. The aim of this paper is to give an insight into those studies and the way they utilize eye imaging in medical applications. These studies were differentiated taking their purpose and experimental paradigms into account. Additionally, methods for eye movement visualization and metrics for its quantifying were presented. Apart from presenting the state of the art, the aim of the paper was also to point out possible applications of eye tracking in medicine that have not been exhaustively investigated yet, and are going to be a perspective long-term direction of research.

Keywords: Eye tracking medicine gaze.

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Calibration
  • Delivery of Health Care*
  • Eye Movement Measurements* / instrumentation
  • Fixation, Ocular / physiology*
  • Photography*
  • Research