Understanding the biomechanics of running has brought implications for the prevention of foot injuries. These biomechanical considerations, both functional and non-functional, must be evaluated by the sports medicine practitioner. Although functional biomechanical findings are more accurate predictors of injury and diagnostic tools than static findings, a correlation between the two is essential. Other important variables, e.g. training methods, athletic shoes, psychology, general health, external environment (surfaces, weather) and overuse, must be correlated with the biomechanical findings. The methodology and results of research are inconsistent with the direct predictability of various overuse injuries, based on biomechanical abnormalities and/or contributing factors. Until more research is carried out, clinical experience and the results of structured research investigations will provide the basis of treatment.