Reconstruction Options for Pancreaticoduodenectomy in Patients with Prior Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2017 Nov;27(11):1185-1191. doi: 10.1089/lap.2017.0192. Epub 2017 Jun 13.


Background: Patients with prior Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) operations for weight loss present reconstruction challenges during a pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). With over 60,000 RYGB performed annually, the increasing odds of encountering such patients during a PD make it imperative to understand the RYGB anatomy and anticipate reconstruction options. This article describes the possible reconstruction options and their rationale.

Methods: We reviewed our PD reconstruction options, compared them to what have been described in the literature, and derived a consensus from internal conferences comprising bariatric and hepatopancreatobiliary surgeons to describe known reconstruction options.

Results: In general, reconstruction options can include one of three options: (1) remnant gastrectomy, (2) preservation of gastric remnant, or (3) reversal of gastric bypass.

Conclusion: This article describes individualized reconstruction options for RYGB patients undergoing PD. The reconstruction options can be tailored to the needs of the patient.

Keywords: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass; Whipple; biliopancreatic limb; pancreatectomy; pancreatic cancer; pancreatic head resection; pancreaticoduodenectomy; remnant gastrectomy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y*
  • Gastric Stump / surgery
  • Humans
  • Obesity, Morbid / surgery*
  • Pancreaticoduodenectomy / methods*
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures
  • Postoperative Period
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome