A hormonal cue promotes timely follicle cell migration by modulating transcription profiles

Mech Dev. 2017 Dec:148:56-68. doi: 10.1016/j.mod.2017.06.003. Epub 2017 Jun 10.

Abstract

Cell migration is essential during animal development. In the Drosophila ovary, the steroid hormone ecdysone coordinates nutrient sensing, growth, and the timing of morphogenesis events including border cell migration. To identify downstream effectors of ecdysone signaling, we profiled gene expression in wild-type follicle cells compared to cells expressing a dominant negative Ecdysone receptor or its coactivator Taiman. Of approximately 400 genes that showed differences in expression, we validated 16 candidate genes for expression in border and centripetal cells, and demonstrated that seven responded to ectopic ecdysone activation by changing their transcriptional levels. We found a requirement for seven putative targets in effective cell migration, including two other nuclear hormone receptors, a calcyphosine-encoding gene, and a prolyl hydroxylase. Thus, we identified multiple new genetic regulators modulated at the level of transcription that allow cells to interpret information from the environment and coordinate cell migration in vivo.

Keywords: Collective cell migration; Drosophila; Nuclear hormone signaling; Oogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Movement / genetics*
  • Drosophila melanogaster / genetics
  • Drosophila melanogaster / growth & development
  • Ecdysone / genetics*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Morphogenesis / genetics*
  • Ovary / growth & development
  • Transcription, Genetic*

Substances

  • Ecdysone