Mangiferin protects rat myocardial tissue against cyclophosphamide induced cardiotoxicity

J Ayurveda Integr Med. 2017 Apr-Jun;8(2):62-67. doi: 10.1016/j.jaim.2017.04.006. Epub 2017 Jun 10.


Background: Mangiferin is a highly potent antioxidant present in mango leaves which is utilized for therapeutic purposes.

Objective: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the cardioprotective effect of mangiferin against cyclophosphamide induced cardiotoxicity.

Materials and methods: Rats were treated with 100 mg/kg of mangiferin in alone and interactive groups for 10 days. Apart from normal and mangiferin control groups, all the groups were subjected to cyclophosphamide (200 mg/kg, i.p.) toxicity on Day 1 and effects of different treatments were analyzed by changes in serum biomarkers, tissue antioxidant levels, electrocardiographic parameters, lipid profile and histopathological evaluation.

Results: Mangiferin treated group showed decrease in serum biomarker enzyme levels and increase in tissue antioxidant levels. Compared to cyclophosphamide control group, mangiferin treated animals showed improvement in lipid profile, electrocardiographic parameters, histological score and mortality.

Conclusion: The present findings clearly suggest the protective role of mangiferin as a powerful antioxidant preventing cardiotoxicity caused by cyclophosphamide.

Keywords: Cardiotoxicity; Cyclophosphamide; Mangiferin; Oxidative stress.