Line 1 and line 10 tumors became invested in a fibrin-gel cocoon within hours after transplantation to the subcutaneous spaces of unsensitized syngeneic inbred Sewall Wright strain 2 guinea pigs. The fibrin gel comprised more than 80% of the line 1 tumor mass and, after day 3, became organized and was subsequently replaced by fibrous connective tissue, which gave the tumor the appearance of a scirrhous carcinoma. A cellular infiltrate of lymphocytes and basophils developed at the periphery of line 1 tumors after day 8, and tumors regressed by day 13. The fibrin gel investing the highly malignant line 10 tumors accounted for less than 10% of the tumor mass and persisted without fibrous organization as a tumor grew progressively and invaded adjacent tissues. These data provide new and potentially important insights into the biology of solid tumor growth and the mechanisms of immunologic tumor rejection. Envelopment of tumors in a fibrin gel created an anatomic barrier separating the tumors from the host. Neovascularization mimicking that about line 1 and line 10 tumors was induced by sc fibrin implants; these data suggest that activation of the clotting and/or fibrinolytic systems by tumor cells may itself provide sufficient stimulus for induction of tumor angiogenesis without requiring a separate tumor angiogenesis factor. The scirrhous pattern of growth characteristic of line 1 tumors apparently was achieved by organization of an abundant fibrin gel. Line 1 tumor regression did not for the most part involve direct contacts between tumor cells and any type of inflammatory cell, including macrophages; rather, tumor destruction was effected by ischemic necrosis secondary to widespread microvascular injury. The mechanisms of such injury are uncertain, but tumor rejection was correlated with evidence of developing cellular immunity and anatomic associations between lymphocytes and myofibroblasts. Further experiments will be necessary before these findings can be generalized to other tumor systems.