Model-Based Generation of Large Databases of Cardiac Images: Synthesis of Pathological Cine MR Sequences From Real Healthy Cases

IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2018 Mar;37(3):755-766. doi: 10.1109/TMI.2017.2714343. Epub 2017 Jun 9.


Collecting large databases of annotated medical images is crucial for the validation and testing of feature extraction, statistical analysis, and machine learning algorithms. Recent advances in cardiac electromechanical modeling and image synthesis provided a framework to generate synthetic images based on realistic mesh simulations. Nonetheless, their potential to augment an existing database with large amounts of synthetic cases requires further investigation. We build upon these works and propose a revised scheme for synthesizing pathological cardiac sequences from real healthy sequences. Our new pipeline notably involves a much easier registration problem to reduce potential artifacts, and takes advantage of mesh correspondences to generate new data from a given case without additional registration. The output sequences are thoroughly examined in terms of quality and usability on a given application: the assessment of myocardial viability, via the generation of 465 synthetic cine MR sequences (15 healthy and 450 with pathological tissue viability [random location, extent, and grade, up to myocardial infarct]). We demonstrate that: 1) our methodology improves the state-of-the-art algorithms in terms of realism and accuracy of the simulated images and 2) our methodology is well-suited for the generation of large databases at small computational cost.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Algorithms
  • Databases, Factual*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Machine Learning*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine / methods*
  • Male
  • Young Adult