Cell and gene therapy approaches are safer when they possess a system that enables the therapy to be rapidly halted. Human mesenchymal stem cells were transduced with an adenoviral vector containing the cDNA for bone morphogenetic protein 2 (AdBMP2) to induce bone formation. To make this method safer, a system to quickly kill these virally transduced cells was designed and evaluated. Cells were encapsulated inside poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEG-Da) hydrogels that are able to shield the cells from immunological destruction. The system involves an inducible caspase-9 (iCasp9) activated using a specific chemical inducer of dimerization (CID). Delivering AdBMP2-transduced human mesenchymal stem cells encapsulated in PEG-Da hydrogel promoted ectopic ossification in vivo, and the iCasp9 system allowed direct control of the timing of apoptosis of the injected cells. The iCasp9-CID system enhances the safety of delivering AdBMP2-transduced cells, making it a more compelling therapeutic for bone repair and spine fusion. J. Cell. Biochem. 118: 3627-3634, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Keywords: BIOMATERIAL; BONE FORMATION; CELL THERAPY; DELIVERY SYSTEM; IN VIVO; INDUCIBLE SUICIDE GENE.
© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.