Momelotinib is a potent inhibitor of JAK1 and JAK2 that demonstrated efficacy in patients with primary and secondary myelofibrosis. This phase 2, open-label, randomized study evaluated the efficacy and safety of oral once-daily momelotinib (100mg and 200mg) for the treatment of polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET). The primary endpoint for PV was overall response rate (ORR), defined as the proportion of patients with hematocrit <45%, white blood cell count <10×109/L, platelet count ≤400×109/L, and resolution of palpable splenomegaly, each lasting ≥4 weeks. The definition of ORR for ET excluded the hematocrit component. A total of 39 patients (28 PV, 11 ET) were enrolled, with 28 patients receiving ≥12 weeks of treatment. The study was terminated due to limited efficacy. Two patients (ORR 5.1%) met the primary efficacy endpoint (both PV 200mg). Predose plasma levels of momelotinib were stable over time. A total of 31 (79.5%) patients experienced momelotinib-related adverse events (AEs), the most frequent being headache (23.1%), dizziness (18.0%), somnolence (15.4%), nausea (15.4%), and fatigue (15.4%). Three patients experienced serious AEs (7.7%), with 1 considered related to momelotinib (dyspnea). Peripheral neuropathy occurred in 7 (17.9%) patients (4 PV, 3 ET).
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01998828.
Keywords: Essential thrombocythemia; Momelotinib; Phase 2 study; Polycythemia vera.
Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.