Selection and Evaluation of Media for Behavioral Health Interventions Employing Critical Media Analysis

Health Promot Pract. 2018 Jan;19(1):145-156. doi: 10.1177/1524839917711384. Epub 2017 Jun 19.


Although a growing number of psychosocial health promotion interventions use the critical analysis of media to facilitate behavior change, no specific guidelines exist to assist researchers and practitioners in the selection and evaluation of culturally relevant media stimuli for intervention development. Mobilizing Our Voices for Empowerment is a critical consciousness-based health enhancement intervention for HIV-positive Black young gay/bisexual men that employs the critical analysis of popular media. In the process of developing and testing this intervention, feedback on media stimuli was collected from youth advisory board members (n = 8), focus group participants (n = 19), intervention participants (n = 40), and intervention facilitators (n = 6). A thematic analysis of qualitative data resulted in the identification of four key attributes of media stimuli and participants' responses to media stimuli that are important to consider when selecting and evaluating media stimuli for use in behavioral health interventions employing the critical analysis of media: comprehension, relevance, emotionality, and action. These four attributes are defined and presented as a framework for evaluating media, and adaptable tools are provided based on this framework to guide researchers and practitioners in the selection and evaluation of media for similar interventions.

Keywords: critical consciousness; critical media analysis; intervention development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • African Americans / psychology
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Focus Groups
  • HIV Infections / transmission
  • Health Promotion / methods*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Media*
  • Program Development*
  • Qualitative Research
  • Risk Reduction Behavior*
  • Sexual Behavior*
  • Sexual and Gender Minorities
  • Young Adult