Rabbit Hepatitis E Virus Infections in Humans, France

Emerg Infect Dis. 2017 Jul;23(7):1191-1193. doi: 10.3201/eid2307.170318.

Abstract

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) has been detected in rabbits, but whether rabbit HEV strains can be transmitted to humans is not known. Of 919 HEV-infected patients in France during 2015-2016, five were infected with a rabbit HEV strain. None of the patients had direct contact with rabbits, suggesting foodborne or waterborne infections.

Keywords: France; HEV; chronic infections; hepatitis; hepatitis E; hepatitis E virus; humans; infections; rabbit hepatitis E virus; rabbits; ribavirin; viruses; zoonoses.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Animals
  • France / epidemiology
  • Genotype
  • Hepatitis E / diagnosis
  • Hepatitis E / epidemiology
  • Hepatitis E / transmission*
  • Hepatitis E / virology*
  • Hepatitis E virus / classification*
  • Hepatitis E virus / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Immunocompromised Host
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA, Viral
  • Rabbits
  • Zoonoses / diagnosis
  • Zoonoses / epidemiology
  • Zoonoses / transmission*
  • Zoonoses / virology*

Substances

  • RNA, Viral