Detection and characterization of Budd-Chiari syndrome with inferior vena cava obstruction: Comparison of fixed and flexible delayed scan time of computed tomography venography

Eur J Radiol. 2017 Jun:91:52-56. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2017.03.021. Epub 2017 Mar 29.


Purpose: To compare the results of computed tomography venography (CTV) with a fixed and a flexible delayed scan time for Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) with inferior vena cava (IVC) obstruction.

Material and methods: A total of 209 consecutive BCS patients with IVC obstruction underwent either a CTV with a fixed delayed scan time of 180s (n=87) or a flexible delayed scan time for good image quality according to IVC blood flow in color Doppler ultrasonography (n=122). The IVC blood flow velocity was measured using a color Doppler ultrasound prior to CT scan. Image quality was classified as either good, moderate, or poor. Image quality, surrounding structures and the morphology of the IVC obstruction were compared between the two groups using a χ2-test or paired or unpaired t-tests as appropriate. Inter-observer agreement was assessed using Kappa statistics.

Results: There was no significant difference in IVC blood flow velocity between the two groups. Overall image quality, surrounding structures and IVC obstruction morphology delineation on the flexible delayed scan time of CTV images were rated better relative to those obtained by fixed delayed scan time of CTV images (p<0.001). Evaluation of CTV data sets was significantly facilitated with flexible delayed scan time of CTV. There were no significant differences in Kappa statistics between Group A and Group B.

Conclusion: The flexible delayed scan time of CTV was associated with better detection and more reliable characterization of BCS with IVC obstruction compared to a fixed delayed scan time.

Keywords: Budd-Chiari syndrome; Computed tomography venography (CTV); Inferior vena cava (IVC); Velocity; color Doppler ultrasonography.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Angiography, Digital Subtraction
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / complications
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Budd-Chiari Syndrome / complications
  • Budd-Chiari Syndrome / diagnostic imaging*
  • Computed Tomography Angiography / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Male
  • Phlebography / methods*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Time
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color
  • Vena Cava, Inferior / diagnostic imaging*