Nav 1.1 (SCN1A) channels primarily located in gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic fast-spiking interneurons are pivotal for action potential generation and propagation in these neurons. Inappropriate function of fast-spiking interneurons, leading to disinhibition of pyramidal cells and network desynchronization, correlates with decreased cognitive capability. Further, reduced functionality of Nav 1.1 channels is linked to various diseases in the central nervous system. There is, at present, however no subtype selective pharmacological activators of Nav 1.1 channels available for studying pharmacological modulation of interneuron function. In the current study, we identified a small molecule Nav 1.1 activator, 3-amino-5-(4-methoxyphenyl)thiophene-2-carboxamide, named AA43279, and provided an in vitro to in vivo characterization of the compound. In HEK-293 cells expressing human Nav 1.1 channels, AA43279 increased the Nav 1.1-mediated current in a concentration-dependent manner mainly by impairing the fast inactivation kinetics of the channels. In rat hippocampal brain slices, AA43279 increased the firing activity of parvalbumin-expressing, fast-spiking GABAergic interneurons and increased the spontaneous inhibitory post-synaptic currents (sIPSCs) recorded from pyramidal neurons. When tested in vivo, AA43279 had anti-convulsive properties in the maximal electroshock seizure threshold test. AA43279 was tested for off-target effects on 72 different proteins, including Nav 1.2, Nav 1.4, Nav 1.5, Nav 1.6 and Nav 1.7 and exhibited reasonable selectivity. Taken together, AA43279 might constitute a valuable tool compound for revealing biological functions of Nav 1.1 channels.
Keywords: SCNA1; activators; interneurons; maximal electroshock seizures threshold; slice electrophysiology.
© 2017 Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.