Background: Breastfeeding confers substantial benefits to child health and has also been associated with lower risk of maternal cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in later life. However, the evidence on the effects of CVD is still inconsistent, especially in East Asians, in whom the frequency and duration of breastfeeding significantly differ from those in the West.
Methods and results: In 2004-2008, the nationwide China Kadoorie Biobank recruited 0.5 million individuals aged 30 to 79 years from 10 diverse regions across China. During 8 years of follow-up, 16 671 incident cases of coronary heart disease and 23 983 cases of stroke were recorded among 289 573 women without prior CVD at baseline. Cox regression yielded adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs for incident CVD by breastfeeding. Overall, ≈99% of women had given birth, among whom 97% reported a history of breastfeeding, with a median duration of 12 months per child. Compared with parous women who had never breastfed, ever breastfeeding was associated with a significantly lower risk of CVD, with adjusted HRs of 0.91 (95% CI, 0.84-0.99) for coronary heart disease and 0.92 (95% CI, 0.85-0.99) for stroke. Women who had breastfed for ≥24 months had an 18% (HR, 0.82; 0.77-0.87) lower risk of coronary heart disease and a 17% (HR, 0.83; 0.79-0.87) lower risk of stroke compared with women who had never breastfed. Among women who ever breastfed, each additional 6 months of breastfeeding per child was associated with an adjusted HR of 0.96 (95% CI, 0.94-0.98) for coronary heart disease and 0.97 (95% CI, 0.96-0.98) for stroke.
Conclusions: Among Chinese women, a history of breastfeeding was associated with an ≈10% lower risk of CVD in later life and the magnitude of the inverse association was stronger among those with a longer duration of breastfeeding.
Keywords: China; breastfeeding; cardiovascular disease; epidemiology; risk factor; women.
© 2017 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley.