Multiple sclerosis epidemiology in Latin America: An updated survey

Mult Scler J Exp Transl Clin. 2017 Jun 13;3(2):2055217317715050. doi: 10.1177/2055217317715050. eCollection Apr-Jun 2017.

Abstract

Novel epidemiological data have appeared in recent years in Latin America (LATAM). The objective of this study was to perform an updated systematic review of the epidemiology of the disease reported in LATAM.

Methods: We conducted a systematic review of published epidemiological articles from January 1995 to December 2016.

Results: Incidence data were found in four studies and ranged from 0.3 to 3 annual cases per 100,000 person-years. Prevalence was reported in 13 studies and ranged from 0.83 to 38.2 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Two studies showed an increase in prevalence and incidence in the last five years in specific regions.

Conclusion: The study provides updated information on epidemiological features of MS in the region. The frequency reported is lower compared with some European and North American countries; however, due to recent observations, studies including follow-up assessment of prevalence and incidence should be conducted in the region.

Keywords: Latin America; Multiple sclerosis; epidemiology; incidence; prevalence.