Effects of weight-based ultrafiltration rate limits on intradialytic hypotension in hemodialysis

Hemodial Int. 2018 Apr;22(2):270-278. doi: 10.1111/hdi.12578. Epub 2017 Jun 23.

Abstract

Introduction: High ultrafiltration (UF) rates can result in intradialytic hypotension and are associated with increased mortality. The effects of a weight-based UF rate limit on intradialytic hypotension and the potential for unwanted fluid weight gain and hospitalizations for volume overload are unknown.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study examined 123 in-center hemodialysis patients at one facility who transitioned to 13 mL/kg/h maximum UF rates. Patients were studied for an 8 week UF rate limit exposure period and compared to the 8-week period immediately prior, during which the cohort served as its own historical control. The primary outcomes were frequency of intradialytic hypotension events and percentage of treatments with a hypotension event.

Findings: The delivered UF rate was lower during the exposure compared to the baseline period (mean UF rate 7.90 ± 4.45 mL/kg/h vs. 8.92 ± 5.64 mL/kg/h; P = 0.0005). The risk of intradialytic hypotension was decreased during the exposure compared to baseline period (event rate per treatment 0.0569 vs. 0.0719, OR 0.78 [95% CI 0.62-1.00]; P = 0.0474), as was the risk of having a treatment with a hypotension event (percentage of treatments with event 5.2% vs. 6.8%, OR 0.75 [95% CI 0.58-0.96]; P = 0.0217). Subgroup analyses demonstrated that these findings were attributable to patients with high baseline UF rates. Statistically significant differences in all-cause or volume overload-related hospitalization were not observed during the exposure period.

Discussion: A weight-based UF rate limit of 13 mL/kg/h was associated with a decrease in the rate of intradialytic hypotension events among in-center hemodialysis patients.

Keywords: Hemodialysis; dialysis duration; fluid removal; interdialytic weight gain; intradialytic hypotension; ultrafiltration; ultrafiltration rate limit.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypotension / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Renal Dialysis / methods*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Ultrafiltration / methods*