Aging and Caloric Restriction Research: A Biological Perspective With Translational Potential

EBioMedicine. 2017 Jul:21:37-44. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2017.06.015. Epub 2017 Jun 19.


Aging as a research pursuit is fairly new compared with traditional lines of medical research. A growing field of investigators is focused on understanding how changes in tissue biology, physiology, and systemic homeostasis, conspire to create increased vulnerability to disease as a function of age. Aging research as a discipline is necessarily broad; in part because aging itself is multi-faceted and in part because different model systems are employed to define the underlying biology. In this review we outline aspects of aging research that are likely to uncover the pivotal events leading to age-related disease vulnerability. We focus on studies of human aging and discuss the value of research on caloric restriction, an intervention with proven efficacy in delaying aging. We propose that studies such as these will deliver target factors and processes that create vulnerability in human aging, an advance that would potentially be transformative in clinical care.

Keywords: Aging; Caloric restriction; Humans; Metabolism; Nonhuman primates.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aging / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Caloric Restriction*
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Humans
  • Signal Transduction
  • Translational Research, Biomedical