Characterization of a novel two-component Na+(Li+, K+)/H+ antiporter from Halomonas zhaodongensis

Sci Rep. 2017 Jun 26;7(1):4221. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-04236-0.


In this study, genomic DNA was screened for novel Na+/H+ antiporter genes from Halomonas zhaodongensis by selection in Escherichia coli KNabc lacking three major Na+/H+ antiporters. Co-expression of two genes designated umpAB, encoding paired homologous unknown membrane proteins belonging to DUF1538 (domain of unknown function with No. 1538) family, were found to confer E. coli KNabc the tolerance to 0.4 M NaCl and 30 mM LiCl, and an alkaline pH resistance at 8.0. Western blot and co-immunoprecipitation establish that UmpAB localize as a hetero-dimer in the cytoplasmic membranes. Functional analysis reveals that UmpAB exhibit pH-dependent Na+(Li+, K+)/H+ antiport activity at a wide pH range of 6.5 to 9.5 with an optimal pH at 9.0. Neither UmpA nor UmpB showed homology with known single-gene or multi-gene Na+/H+ antiporters, or such proteins as ChaA, MdfA, TetA(L), Nap and PsmrAB with Na+/H+ antiport activity. Phylogenetic analysis confirms that UmpAB should belong to DUF1538 family, which are significantly distant with the above-mentioned proteins with Na+/H+ antiport activity. Taken together, we propose that UmpAB represent a novel two-component Na+(Li+, K+)/H+ antiporter. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the functional analysis of unknown membrane proteins belonging to DUF1538 family.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Antiporters / classification
  • Antiporters / genetics
  • Antiporters / metabolism*
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism*
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Halomonas / genetics
  • Halomonas / metabolism*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Ion Transport
  • Lithium / metabolism*
  • Phylogeny
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Sodium / metabolism*
  • Sodium-Hydrogen Exchangers / genetics
  • Sodium-Hydrogen Exchangers / metabolism*


  • Antiporters
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Sodium-Hydrogen Exchangers
  • Lithium
  • Sodium